Passivation is the process of coating or treating metals for reducing chemical reactivity of outer surface of metals with atmosphere and prevent surface from rust formation, for this various chemicals are used. Chemical Passivation is the two-step process, in first step free iron molecules are removed from the outer surface of metal. Various acid are used for this process. In second step oxidation is done which create homogeneous protective oxide layer.
Nitric acid, citric acid, phosphoric acid are commonly used passivation chemicals, as this acid can easily dissolved iron molecules. Mostly passivation process is use for stainless steel. Nitric acid is majorly use as a Passivation Chemicals in stainless steel passivation, as nitric acid is strong acid which dissolve all iron molecules present on outer surface and also oxidized chromium to form chromium oxide which act as a protective coat over stainless steel surface. Sometimes Citric acid and dichromate are also use instant of nitric acid.
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The Passivation Chemicals offer temporary protection to parts or component of machine made up of stainless steel from corrosion. Therefore some companies used passivation process for equipment per year or used frequently. Apart from stainless steel passivation process is also use for titanium, magnesium and aluminum. Passivated process equipment is mostly used in petroleum refinery, petrochemical industry, food industry, automotive industry, etc.
Passivation Chemicals process offer advantages over several traditional process such as electrical continuity, plasma-electrolytic oxidation systems as it is a cost effective process.
Passivation Chemicals Market: Dynamics
Driver- Passivation Chemicals market is mainly driven by growing petroleum refinery and petrochemical industry where equipment come in contact with the various flammable chemical, which cause corrosion and damage the equipment thus rise in construction of refineries driving the Passivation Chemicals market.
Another driver is automation industry, various automotive parts are made up of stainless steel in vehicles such as cars, trucks, etc. This vehicles parts may subject to corrosion as it expose to atmosphere which cause corrosion that minimize lifespan of vehicle, therefore automotive parts are subjected to Passivation Chemicals treatment. So, growing automotive vehicles market drive the Passivation Chemicals market.
Restraint- The acids used in Passivation Chemicals process may form toxic during chemical process, for instance, passivate equipment used in various food production process may form toxic in food product. Also, various regulation on use of Passivation Chemicals may restrain the market growth.
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